ivf treatment

What is In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)?

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is a medically assisted procreation technique that reproduces (finding something else achieves) fertilization in the laboratory. This PMA technique is offered to patients to optimize their pregnancy chances.

This IVF treatment aims to obtain one or more embryos of optimal quality that can be transferred to the uterus to allow a pregnancy to occur.

Ovarian stimulation

The first step in an assisted reproduction process, ovarian stimulation, helps to boost ovulation. The woman’s menstrual cycle produces, after approximately 14 days, one so-called “dominant” follicle containing one mature oocyte, i.e., potentially fertilizable by a spermatozoon. In the context of in vitro fertilization, obtaining several oocytes in a single cycle after 10 to 15 days of treatment is necessary to maximize the chances of receiving at least one transferable embryo.

In the context of in vitro fertilization, obtaining several oocytes in a single cycle after 10 to 15 days of treatment is necssary to maximize the chances of receiving at least one transferable embryo.

Fertilization and embryo culture

The PMA laboratory, which therefore has the gametes of each member of the couple (oocytes for the woman, spermatozoa for the man), will proceed with the fertilization: Either by a classic IVF or by an ICSI IVF (put hyperlink to the ICSI IVF article) (intra cytoplasmic spermatozoon injection where for each mature oocyte, a selected spermatozoon is microinjected directly).

Twenty-four hours later, the fertilized oocytes are observed, and it is determined whether fertilization has occurred and the initial development of the embryos. The culture of the embryos in vitro can last from 2 to 6 days, and the optimal time of the embryo transfer is decided in collaboration between clinicians and biologists.

Embryo transfer

The final step in your care during the best ivf center in islamabad involves placing the embryo(s) in the uterus, which will have been selected according to their development by the team to give you the best possible chance of pregnancy.

This procedure is painless and is performed during a consultation in the gynecological position, and consists of introducing a catheter (a flexible plastic tube approximately 1 mm in diameter) into the uterine cavity via the cervix and after having placed a speculum (as for a standard gynecological examination).

The biologist will have placed the embryo(s) in a micro drop of culture medium (liquid) in this catheter. The embryos are not visible to the naked eye. This procedure is painless and can be performed under ultrasound control.

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